This talk will discuss the way that we have begun to interpret these objects,and how they may have implications for our understandings of healthcare in late-nineteenth century Connecticut.
Sarah Croucher is an Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Archaeology, and Feminist, Gender & Sexuality Studies at Wesleyan University. Her forthcoming book, Capitalism and Cloves, examines the archaeology of clove plantations on Zanzibar. She currently directs research at the Beman Triangle, a nineteenth century African-American community in Middletown, Connecticut.
1:00-Western Connecticut State University’s Investigations of the Middle Encampment Site in
Redding, Connecticut: The State’s Newest Revolutionary War Archaeological Preserve
Laurie Weinstein and Cos Sgarlata, Western Connecticut State University (Cos Sgarlata,Presenter)
During the winter of 1777-78 General George Washington had concentrated most of the Continental Army forces in Valley Forge, but due to logistical difficulties of housing an entire army in one location Washington decided to spread his troops out the following winter. Redding, Connecticut was the easternmost site of the three winter camps established in 1778-79. It was divided into three encampments: the easternmost is today known as Putnam Park; the westernmost was destroyed by modern development; and, between these sites was Middle Encampment. Daniel Cruson and Kathleen von Jena, while researching Putnam Park, contacted Laurie Weinstein, Director of the archaeology program at Western Connecticut State University (WCSU), to investigate Middle Encampment.
This paper presents 8 years of ethnohistorical and archaeological investigations by WCSU staff members and students. This work has included a variety of approaches including pedestrian survey, Geographical Information Systems mapping, shovel testing and excavation, Fourier transform Raman (FTR) analysis for food residues, micromorphology, deed and archival research, ground penetrating radar, and metal detecting. This paper presents the results of this research. Sincere thanks goes to the many people who contributed to the selection of the Middle Encampment site as an Archaeological Preserve this past summer.
Dr. Laurie Weinstein is a professor of Anthropology at Western Connecticut State University.She received her Ph.D. from Southern Methodist University. She is the General Editor of Native Peoples of the Americas from the University of Arizona Press, a series that covers the western hemisphere. She has also edited or written many books and articles on such diverse topics as New England Indians and Indians of the Southwest to women in the military, including, The
Wampanoag (Chelsea House Press), Enduring Traditions, Native Peoples of New England (Praeger Press), Native
Peoples of the Southwest (Praeger Press), Women and the Military in the United States and Canada (Praeger Press), and Gender Camouflage (New York University Press). She is currently working on a book for the U. of A. series on Indians of western Connecticut as well as articles about Native soldiers in the Revolutionary War.
At Western Connecticut State University she is the program director for archaeology (which she team teaches with Dr. Bethany Morrison and Dr. Sgarlata) and Director of the Jane Goodall Center for Excellence in Environmental Learning.
When she is not teaching and writing, she is entertaining her house full of pets.